The Group has always paid great attention to the issue of electromagnetic emissions. To this end its activities include:
· careful management of its equipment during its entire life cycle and in compliance with current regulations and internal standards of efficiency and safety;
· designing and optimising the radio access network, ensuring that serious attention is given to the issue of electromagnetic emissions at every stage of the equipment life cycle;
· use of, and constant research into, the latest technological instruments for checks and controls.
Systematic monitoring of the levels of electromagnetic emissions in installations aims to ensure that legal limits are respected and high safety standards are maintained for workers and the general population. Despite Italian regulations on electromagnetic emissions being among the strictest in the world, with levels set much lower than the European average, checks carried out in Italy have shown that electromagnetic emissions generated are within the legal limits.
TIM invests in software development to continuously update and refine electromagnetic emissions prediction. In particular, the GUARDIAN tool calculates the level of exposure of sites that host antennas and ensures that the levels established by law are respected. Combined with the TIMplan design platform, its use allows the location of sites and orientation of the antennas in relation to a specific context (housing, roads, meeting places) to be optimised. TIM also participates actively in the committees and working groups of the CEI (Italian Electrotechnical Committee) for issuing guidelines and technical standards on methods used to measure and forecast levels of exposure to electromagnetic fields issued by mobile radio systems.
Accurate planning and optimisation of the mobile radio network (optimum choice of sites, optimum use of radio transmission parameters) improves the efficiency of the network for the same amount of coverage, maximising the capacity and quality of the service and minimising interference, thus contributing to reducing the power transmitted by mobile terminals and radio base stations. In 2018 the following activities continued:
support and training for local organisations in Electromagnetic Impact Analysis (EIA) activities;
evolution of software tools developed internally to predict exposure (GUARDIAN);
development and maintenance of the ARPIE web application for assessing the average power transmitted by radio base stations of 2G, 3G and 4G systems in accordance with the legal changes introduced by Italian Legislative Decree 179/2012 “Additional urgent measures for the growth of the Country” and its Implementation Guidelines.
The APOGEO procedure has been applied to mobile radio systems allowing TIM to ensure that its systems are built in full compliance with the design, which in turn is fully compliant with legal requirements for protecting the health of the population. APOGEO is a TIM patent for high precision topographic and satellite instruments for 3D surveying of all radiating GSM, UMTS, LTE and Radio link systems and their infrastructure.
In relation to the development of the 5G system it is important to remember that the current limits, provided by law with a wide margin of safety, are not related to specific technologies, but concern the total emissions; in addition the network architecture also provides "small cell" solutions which due to their intrinsic technological nature use lower radio power.
In light of these considerations, the electromagnetic emissions generated by 5G technology do not represent a business risk: they are therefore not included in the TIM Enterprise Risk Management matrix or in the materiality matrix that brings relevant issues highlighted by stakeholders together. According to current scientific knowledge, emission associated with base stations and wireless networks levels associated with radio base stations and wireless networks are not considered responsible for causing negative impacts on health and the population and fall well within the limits set by international standards. TIM and the entire telecommunications sector pays careful attention to the issue by proactively monitoring all possible developments and always acting in compliance with the legislation.
In Brazil the non-ionising radiation emitted by the radio base stations of TIM Participações are fully within the parameters dictated by the World Health Organization and adopted by the Agência Nacional de Telecomunicações (ANATEL). All the radio base stations of TIM Participações have a licence to operate issued by ANATEL.