The differences between the north and south of the country
National fixed super-fast broadband coverage has reached 81% of households. The figure for southern regions is higher than the national average: Sicily and Puglia 89%, Calabria and Campania around 86%. This is the result of work we have done over the years, beginning with the Eurosud invitations to tender. Thanks to this network availability, since 2018, the growth in average data traffic per active line in southern provinces has been greater than in others.
As in previous years, the South is ahead of other regions in the list of top ten provinces by average fixed network data traffic per active line.
The ranking has remained unchanged since before Covid, despite the exponential growth in traffic and its shift from offices to homes, as a result of people working from home and digital schooling. This structural data is linked to different consumer habits and digital technology usage behaviour between provinces, as well as other factors.
These include household size: the bigger the household, the more people are connecting to the network. Therefore large families, which are more common in the South, create more traffic.
Furthermore, in the South the percentage of super-fast broadband lines out of the total number of broadband lines is higher: around 6-8 super-fast broadband lines per 10 broadband lines, compared to 3-6 lines per 10 elsewhere. The greater this ratio, the higher the traffic, because super-fast broadband improves the quality of service and enables new ones, encouraging their use. Even if the observation range is widened beyond the TIM network, the same conclusion is reached: in the South there is a greater trend towards switching from ADSL to fibre than elsewhere in Italy.
However, while it is true that availability, i.e. super-fast broadband coverage, is proportionally higher in the South than elsewhere, the number of people active in the digital world remains small. In order to help overcome cultural distances and disseminate digital skills among all Italians, TIM set up Operazione Risorgimento Digitale, a big, free, online Internet school.